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Hip dysplasia

Joint replacement

Hip dysplasia is a common developmental orthopaedic disease of young dogs. Many individuals however, do not show clinical signs of hip dysplasia but in those that do it can be a severely debilitating condition.

The long term consequences of hip dysplasia are a slow but progressive osteoarthritis resulting in a reduced range of motion of both hip joints and chronic pain in later life. For those dogs that cannot be managed conservatively with moderated exercise, judicious use of NSAID medication, joint supplements, weight control and adjunctive hydro/physiotherapy then salvage surgery may be recommended.

Bilateral hip osteoarthritis

 

Total hip replacement (THR) is a well-established technique in the dog with a success rate of approximately 90-95%. The procedure involves replacing both the cup (acetabulum) and ball (femoral head) of the degenerate joint with surgical prostheses. Here at The Grove we use a hybrid technique that combines the Biomedtrix BFX (cementless) and CFX (cemented) implants. As a general rule the acetabular cup is a cementless prosthesis and the femoral head, neck and stem is a cemented prostheses.

Patients that are considered suitable candidates for total hip replacements will have a consultation to discuss the procedure in depth followed by a thorough clinical, orthopaedic and radiographic examination. Surgery is then arranged for a mutually convenient time and would be carried out by two of our experienced surgeons Mr Simon Gilbert and Mr Gordon Brown.

Biomedtrix universal total hip replacement

 

Total hip replacement can now be performed in almost any size of animal with the introduction of the Micro hip kit which allows implantation of miniature prosthetics in small dogs and cats.

Other indications for total hip replacements include traumatic fractures of the femoral head and neck, arthritis due to trauma and chronic non-reducible dislocated hips.