Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive technique used to evaluate the joints of dogs and cats. Instrumentation involves the use of small fibre optic cameras, ranging in size from 1.9mm in diameter to 2.7mm in diameter. This enables us to investigate numerous joint conditions in the dog and to a lesser extent in the cat.

Arthroscopy allows the diagnosis and in certain instances the therapeutic treatment of numerous conditions in the shoulder, elbow and stifle joint. Commonly seen problems relating to these joints are:

Shoulder

Osteochondrosis (OCD), glenohumeral ligament tears/ruptures and biceps injuries and pathology.

Biceps tendon

Humeral OCD

Shoulder - cartilage joint mouse

Medial glenohumeral ligament

 

Elbow

Fragmented coronoid process, osteochondrosis, elbow incongruity, incomplete ossification of the humeral condyles, ununited anconeal process and medial compartmental osteoarthritis.

Fragmented medial coronoid process

Stifle

Cranial cruciate ligament failure, meniscal injuries, osteochondrosis desicans (OCD) and avulsion of the long digital extensor tendons.

Stifle - meniscus

Stifle - Lond digital extensor tendon

Stifle - cruciate ligaments

Stifle - cruciate rupture

 

The advantages of arthroscopy over an open arthrotomy are the small incision, minimally invasive technique and the relatively low morbidity associated with this procedure. Dogs can occasionally be treated on an outpatient basis however the majority of the cases will be hospitalised over night and discharged the following day.